Why is industrial environment awareness important?
The threat of climate change, as well as the contamination of major cities, means that people are becoming more aware of, and concerned about, the consequences of how we treat the environment, the excesses we subject it to, and the possibility that these excesses will lead to difficult and irreversible situations. There is an increasing consensus regarding the need to put into practise industrial processes that do not endanger or compromise our future capacity to satisfy current and future needs. As a result, sustainable development is a must, and the governments of the vast majority of countries are working to put in place measures to ensure that it is realised.
Any industrial process's long-term viability is founded on four primary pillars: waste management, water management, gaseous emissions management, and energy optimization, and the importance of awareness about the industrial environment is found in them only.
Management of the generated garbage
Waste management at its best results in no waste being produced. Alternatively, that which produces the least amount of waste feasible. As a first alternative, the prevention and limitation of waste production should be pursued, as decreasing the amount of waste generated is the most effective strategy to reduce environmental impact.In practise, however, totally avoiding waste output is quite challenging. As a result, it is necessary to find alternatives that allow this trash to be reused. This reduces the consumption of particular raw resources while also offering an efficient waste disposal system.If the trash generated cannot be utilised, the next step is to try to recycle it, which means repurposing it for another purpose.
Water consumption management
Another important part of an industrial process's long-term development is water management. As we've seen in the case of solid waste, the best strategy is to avoid producing wastewater. This extreme, however, is rarely possible. As a result, generating the least amount of effluent possible should be a top goal. In terms of the wastewater generated, the most sustainable solution entails a thorough treatment that results in water of adequate quality to be reused. The recovery of water from the waste flow for reuse reduces the amount of water used outside of the process.
Controlling gas emissions
Any circumstance that results in the emission of contaminating gases into the atmosphere must be avoided in the industrial process. Modifying the process to avoid, or at least decrease, the production of contaminating gases is the most sustainable, and often cheapest, option. However, this is not always a realistic solution.
When it is impossible to totally eliminate the production of contaminated gases, efforts must be made to treat them. Fortunately, there are several highly competitive strategies for converting contaminated gases into innocuous gases.
Energy consumption optimization
When it comes to energy usage, sustainability and the economics go hand in hand. Indeed, all optimization algorithms have the same goal in mind: to reduce net energy consumption to the lowest attainable level. Working on several components can help reach this overall goal. For example, by altering processes that are inefficient in terms of energy and even replacing them with more efficient solutions. To take advantage of prospective synergies, it is also conceivable to merge different processes employed in the same sector. The energy that must be dissipated in one process could be useful in another operation that requires energy. Cogeneration solutions, such as using a waste with a high calorific value or a residual energy source to generate electricity, can also be investigated.