Effluent Treatment Plant-An Overview
The most important natural asset or resource to mankind is water. These natural water resources become contaminated after being used in industries. This necessitates the installation of Effluent Treatment Plants (ETP).Effluent treatment plants remove industrial effluents and contaminated water from outlet pipes, reservoirs, rivers, and lakes, among other places, and recycle the water resource for various uses. Textile, pharmaceutical, leather, and chemical industries are among the industries where ETPs are commonly used. Such an Effluent Treatment Plant ensures that contaminated and polluted industrial water is treated and made reusable before being released back into the environment. Humans will be unable to obtain clean, useable water for household purposes without this treatment.
Why Effluent Treatment Plant is important?
Globally, the process of industrialization is having a negative impact on the environment. Pollution caused by improper industrial wastewater treatment is a big environmental issue in India as well, particularly with the country's developing small-scale manufacturing sector. Adoption of cleaner manufacturing technology and waste minimization measures are gaining attraction as a means of addressing industrial pollution discharge. Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) are one of the possible solutions for effective wastewater treatment for small and medium businesses.
An Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is an important aspect of the manufacturing process when it comes to wastewater, the site's sewer/drainage system, and the contaminants with their corresponding limit values that must be met. Furthermore, the ETP aids in the decrease of the number of discharge sites in an industrial estate, allowing environmental regulatory bodies to better enforce pollution reduction and environmental improvements. The treated industrial wastewater (or effluent) can be reused or discharged into a sanitary sewer or into the environment's surface water.
Objectives to achieve
- 1. To clean and recycle industrial wastewater for future use.
- 2. Reducing the amount of fresh/potable water used in industry.
- 3. To reduce the amount of money spent on water procurement or Reduction of operative production costs.
- 4. To avoid severe penalties, fulfil the Government's standards for emission or discharge of environmental contaminants from various industries.
- 5. To protect the environment from pollution and contribute to long-term development.