Wastewater is any effluent generated by residential and business establishments. Domestic and industrial sewage are the two main categories. Domestic sewage is made up of all household wastewater, while industrial sewage is made up of effluent from industrial or chemical processes.
The wastewater then undergoes primary or secondary treatment once the sewage, from either source has been separated. Grease traps should be used, for instance, to capture wastewater from kitchens since fats, oils, and grease can be difficult for public sewage systems, as well as private systems to filter and treat.
Now, let’s review where does wastewater actually comes from.
How is wastewater produced?
Residential, commercial, and business water use produces domestic wastewater. Industrial wastewater is produced by the discharges of the chemical and manufacturing sectors.
Surface runoff water becomes contaminated by debris, grit, nutrients, and different compounds that rainwater collects in urban and agricultural regions.
Types of Wastewaters
Domestic sewage, industrial sewage, and storm sewage are the three different categories of wastewater or sewage. Sanitary sewage is another name for domestic sewage, which transports wasted water from homes and apartments. Wastewater from manufacturing or chemical activities is referred to as industrial sewage. Runoff from precipitation that is gathered in a network of pipes or open channels, is known as storm sewage or storm water.
More than 99.9% of the weight of domestic sewage is water. Less than 0.1 percent of the remaining material contains a range of suspended and dissolved contaminants. The nature of these contaminants and the huge volumes of sewage, in which they are conveyed make disposal of domestic wastewater a substantial technological difficulty, even though they make up a relatively minor portion of the sewage by weight.
Depending on the type of industrial operation, industrial wastewater typically comprises distinct and easily recognized chemical components. Organic compounds, suspended and dissolved sediments, and other substances that are taken up while moving over the ground are all carried by storm sewage.
Where does wastewater come from?
Any commercial or residential property with bathrooms, kitchens, restrooms, toilets, etc. generates wastewater. Rainwater or water from a roof that has been contaminated becomes wastewater.
Domestic wastewater from bathrooms, showers, toilets, etc. is directed into the sewers that travel beneath the roads, to the public works and then down the drains. Domestic wastewater from buildings without access to the public sewer is processed, in private sewage systems, including treatment facilities and septic tanks.
Typically, these sewers transport the effluent to sewage treatment facilities, or public treatment plants.
The importance of wastewater treatment
Untreated wastewater contains chemicals that harm our waterways and ecology, contributing to issues like oxygen depletion in lakes, streams, and rivers. This may result in several waterborne illnesses as well as the premature aging of our lakes.
Wastewater treatment tries to make clean water safe for discharge by lowering pollutants, in the water to acceptable levels. In order to safeguard both the environment and public health, it makes sure contaminants are eliminated.
What do we offer?
Understanding sources of wastewater and need of their treatment techniques in India, a wide variety of wastewater treatment options which includes physical, chemical, and biological processes, are offered by Netsol Water.
Netsol combines cutting-edge technology with years of experience, to handle the most challenging water treatment or wastewater treatment requirements of a wide range of clients, including small enterprises, corporations, and regional government agencies.