What is pollution?
Pollution is the entry of pollutants into the environment that are harmful, inconvenient, or harmful to humans and other organisms in the form of chemicals or energy such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants can be naturally occurring substances or energy, but if they exceed natural values, they are considered pollutants.
What is the cause of environmental pollution?
Environmental pollution occurs when the environment is unable to treat and neutralize the harmful by-products of human activity (toxic gas emissions) without causing structural or functional damage to the system.
Pollution occurs because the natural environment does not know how unnaturally produced elements (i.e., artificial pollutants) are decomposed, while people artificially decompose these pollutants. It can take years for nature to try to break down pollutants. In the case of radioactive contaminants, which is one of the worst cases, it can take thousands of years for these contaminants to decompose.
Why is pollution control important?
It is of utmost importance as it adversely affects key environmental services such as clean air and water supplies. Without it, there would be no life on earth that we know. People are the cause of our pollution.
Pollution affects our environment because water pollution can affect the living conditions of humans and plants. Pollution can cause the beginning and decline of our environment. If you don't have clean water for plants and trees, how can you make paper for people to eat and grow vegetables?
Therefore, big ideas affect the environment and humans are the main polluters.
Types of pollution
In general, there are many types of pollution, but the most important are:
Air Pollution: Some of the most notable are sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, volatile organic compounds, and particles in the air.
Water pollution: It includes pesticides and herbicides, food processing waste, livestock pollutants, volatile organic compounds, heavy metals and chemical waste.
Soil pollution (contamination): It includes hydrocarbons, solvents, and heavy metals.
In today's industrial society, fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal) are beyond the limits of what you can imagine and are firmly established in everyday life. Fossil fuels are used not only in the obvious everyday needs (such as refuelling automobiles), but also in the power generation industry and in products such as plastics, solvents, detergents and asphalt of all kinds.
In addition to other sources of pollution, agriculture (livestock) is the number one cause of ammonia emissions leading to air pollution. Agricultural production accounts for about 30% of the total amount of greenhouse gases. Agricultural soil produces 32% of this, livestock 31%, crop production 12% and fertilizer management 6% and 19% of other emissions.
Environmental pollution causes great distress not only to humans but also to animals, endangering many species and even extinct them. The cross-border nature of pollution makes it even more difficult to manage.
It is generally accepted that the current budget is heavily spent on natural resources. At current natural resource development rates, there is no way for the environment to recover in time and continue to function well in the future.
Everything on earth is interrelated and nature provides valuable environmental services that we cannot exist, but we all rely on the actions of others and the use of natural resources.