What are the schemes for provision of? money in CETP?
Clean?er manufacturing methods and the creation of waste reduction circles are being pushed in India in order to reduce environmental pollution caused by small and medium-scale industries.
Furthermore, collective treatment at a centralized facility, known as the CETP, is seen as a potential treatment method for overcoming the limits associated with effluent treatment in small to medium-sized businesses.
The Government of India's “Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)” launched an innovative financial assistance plan for CETPs to promote the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in an ecologically friendly way.
The scheme's provision for money support is as follows:
1: Subsidy from the State Government equal to 25% of the project's capital cost;
2: Grants from the Central Government are matched at a rate of 25%;
3: Financial institution loans- 30 percent of project capital cost, and
4: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) will contribute 20% of the project's capital cost.
While this strategy was created for a 10-year term, it was extended due to the demand. Furthermore, the MoEF, the Ministry of Commerce, and other financing programs assisted in the development of new CETPs as well as the expansion of existing CETPs.
Why was the concept of CETP embraced in India?
The concept of CETP was embraced as a means of achieving end-of-the-pipe treatment of mixed wastewater in order to benefit from economies of scale.
Furthermore, the CETP promotes the decrease of the number of discharge sites in an industrial estate for improved enforcement, as well as the availability of specialized labour for adequate effluent treatment.
Advantages of CETPs
1: Allows for 'economy of scale' in wastewater treatment, lowering the cost of pollution abatement for individual SMEs;
2: Solves the 'lack of room' issue - CETP may be designed ahead of time to guarantee appropriate space is available, including plans for future expansion;
3: Wastewater homogenization;
4: Relative improved hydraulic stability;
5: Professional treatment control can be cheap;
6: Enables small-scale entities, which are frequently unable to absorb externalities owing to pollution control;
7: Reduces repeated discharges in the region, and allows for greater enforcement, i.e., correct treatment and disposal;
8: Gives a chance to increase recycling and reuse options;
9: Improves the organization of treated effluent and sludge disposal, among other things.
Constraints and issues
The CE?TPs' consistency in meeting the mandated criteria is hampered by a variety of factors, including:
1: Working on a 'one-size-fits-all' premise;
2: Inadequate access to capital investments, working capital, specialized technical skills, and inconsistency in effluent quality from member industries;
3: Inadequate management of treatment units at a shared facility;
4: The varying type and scale of the enterprises, as well as the unplanned addition of industries without sufficient planning;
5: There is no provision to address changes in pollutant load and quantity at individual member industries;
6: There are no separate treatment facilities to deal with hazardous and toxic effluents.
Because of their comparable type of characteristics, CETPs servicing similar sectors will have higher operational simplicity, which will also enable picking the proper treatment scheme with greater confidence, whereas CETPs servicing effluents from diverse sectors need a higher level of expertise and competence to ensure consistent compliance with the stipulated criteria.
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