Water treatment is the process of enhancing the quality of water so that it can be used for a certain purpose. Drinking water, industrial water supply, water recreation, and restoring environmental resources like rivers and lakes are the most typical end uses.
Let’s understand the main purposes of water treatment!
Why is water treatment important?
Humans require clean water as a basic necessity. The need for water rises along with the human population. Water is a limited resource, hence used water needs to be treated in order to continue serving end uses. Herein lies the significance of water purification systems, and water treatment plants.
Water treatment helps make water clean, safe to drink, and used for other uses, by eliminating pollutants and dangerous compounds from the water. Tragically, approximately 2 billion people worldwide utilize untreated water for drinking, or obtain their water from unreliable or contaminated sources. It is possible to intervene in these circumstances and stop incidents caused by unsafe water, such as water-borne illnesses and fatalities, by having procedures in place to enhance water quality.
However, water treatment can also help to ensure that water is returned to the natural cycle. Water can be safely returned to environmental sources like rivers, lakes, and seas as one of the process's final applications. Of course, in order to prevent contamination and other environmentally hazardous problems, like water pollution, water treatment facilities must first make sure that the water is free of harmful contaminants.
What are the 3 different types of water treatment?
Water treatment systems typically vary in how they cater to particular end users. The following are the top 3 categories or 3 main purposes of water treatment.
A: Residential Water Treatment
The following are the typical types of systems utilized as water treatment solutions, according to the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF):
1. Reverse osmosis (RO) systems, faucet filters, and other point-of-use (POU) systems including water pitchers.
2. Municipal systems, pressurized storage tanks, UV microbiological systems, water softeners, etc. are examples of whole-house/point-of-entry (POE) systems.
Additionally, home water treatment systems either use traditional septic tank systems, or modern water treatment to treat water from residences.
B: Treatment of Industrial Water
Pre and post-industrial usage treatment is what is meant by this process. Water treatment procedures can be carried out prior to, or following company activities to support the intended use of water because firms from different industries, utilize water in different ways.
For instance, water treatment is essential for ingredient water used in food processing, in the Food and Beverage sector of the hospitality business. On the other hand, water treatment can aid in the process of reusing or discarding wastewater, in production facilities in the automotive sector.
C: Treatment of Wastewater
Any used or dirty water that is produced after various uses and applications is referred to as wastewater. Both human activity and runoff from the rain are its origins. The removal of contaminants from wastewater and the transformation of its quality into an effluent, which can be safely reintroduced into the water cycle are both dependent on wastewater treatment.
Water treatment primarily serves the three goals of reusing water, ensuring its safe return to the water cycle, and enhancing water quality. Thus, water treatment aids in meeting other needs of the global society, as well as the problem of a lack of drinking water.
What do we offer?
Since, wastewater composition varies, specialized wastewater management is required. Every project is different, and our experts at Netsol Water will assist you in selecting the most effective technique, for treating water and wastewater in the best way.