How Water contaminants affecting industrial productivity?
Many industrial companies obtain process water from the same sources that municipalities obtain drinking water from: fresh surface water and fresh groundwater.
Water from these sources may require additional treatment before it can be used for drinking, but it is not required when used as industrial process water. However, certain natural minerals can damage the process equipment.
Below are the three major pollutants in the water that can affect the productivity of the industry.
After minerals such as gypsum and dolomite have been washed away, cationic calcium and magnesium, and anionic sulphate can naturally occur in the water source. In many applications, this can cause scale to build up on pumps, pipes, boilers, and heat exchangers. Curing of process equipment can lead to clogging of pipes and pumps and reduced efficiency of boilers and heat exchangers.
In this case, the pipes need to be replaced and the pumps, boilers and heat exchangers need to be cleaned or replaced. Clogged pipes can also affect the production of the process by blocking the flow of liquid through the pipes. Minerals with hardness can be removed by electrocoagulation. The charge of an ion is neutralized by passing an electric current through a series of anodes and cathodes. These anodes and cathodes oxidize the ions and release them into solution. When the particles aggregate, they float over nano-sized hydrogen bubbles and reach the top of the EC system.
Chloride naturally occurs in the form of salts that can contaminate freshwater sources after being dissolved by minerals and saltwater intrusion. These salts can cause significant corrosion of metal pipes due to the way they catalyze the pitching process. If the pipe is too corroded, it can puncture and leak. With the use of chloride in the process water, the pipes need to be replaced more often. However, chloride is generated in salts and is too large to pass through the pores of the membrane and can be removed by reverse osmosis desalting.
Silica is usually found in colloidal form and usually in sand. Water supplies can have deposits on equipment’s such as boilers and cooling towers.
Under the right conditions, silica can cause stains on pipes. Silicon dioxide can adversely affect system performance and shutdown systems. These systems need to facilitate the cleaning of cooling towers and boilers and the replacement of expensive membranes due to silica problems. To remove this silica contamination from water, an electrocoagulation system is an effective way to remove silica.
Precautions must be taken to prevent such pollution from causing similar problems in plant operation. A processing system that uses some of the above removal methods is a wise investment. These systems treat raw water from water sources to prevent damage to process equipment. This improves process efficiency and reduces operating costs.
Netsol Water is committed to helping our customers find the most efficient and cost-effective solutions for dealing with major water pollutants. Therefore, the prevention of productivity loss due to mineral, organic or inorganic impurity problems can be weakened or eliminated.