Water pollution is one of the most pressing issues confronting India today. As is obvious, untreated sewage is the most significant source of this type of pollution in India. There are other sources of pollution, such as agricultural runoff and unregulated small-scale industry units. The situation is so dire that there may not be a single body of water in India that is not polluted in some way.
In fact, it is estimated that nearly 80% of India's water bodies are highly polluted. This is especially true for those who have some form of human habitation in their immediate vicinity.
What are the problem of Water Pollution in India?
The single most significant cause of water pollution in India is uncontrolled urbanization. Even though, the rate of urbanization has only increased at a rapid pace in the last decade or so, it has left an indelible mark on India's aquatic resources. This has resulted in a number of long-term environmental issues, including water scarcity, wastewater generation, and collection, to name a few.
Water treatment and disposal has also been a major issue in this regard. The development of towns and cities near rivers has also contributed, to the increasing severity of problems.
Uncontrolled urbanization has also resulted in the generation of sewage water in these areas. Water from bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, streams, wells, and ponds is used for both industrial and domestic purposes, in urban areas. Worse, 80% of the water we use for domestic purposes is wasted as wastewater. Most of the time, this water is not properly treated, resulting in massive pollution of surface-level freshwater.
Other significant causes of rising levels of water pollution in India include:
- Industrial waste
- Improper agricultural practices
- Decreased water quantity in plains rivers
- Ships leaking oils
- Acid precipitation
- Climate change
- Inadequate industrial waste treatment
India's Water Pollution Effects
Water pollution can have a hugely negative impact on the health of all life forms that live near a polluted body of water, or use water that has been polluted to some extent. Polluted water can be harmful to crops and reduce soil fertility, harming the agricultural sector as a whole and the country as a whole.
Pollution of sea water can have a negative impact on oceanic life. The most fundamental effect of water pollution, however, is on the quality of the water, which can cause a variety of health problems, if consumed.
Solution to India's Water Pollution
Preventing these problems is the best way to solve them.
Soil conservation is the first major solution in this context. Water pollution can be caused by soil erosion. So, if we can conserve soil, we can also prevent water pollution. We can take steps such as planting more trees, better managing erosion and using soil-friendly farming methods.
Similarly, it is critical to dispose of toxic waste in the proper manner. To begin, we can use products with lower levels of volatile organic compounds. Even, when toxic materials such as paints, cleaning supplies, and stain removers are used, they must be disposed of properly. It is also critical to investigate oil leaks in one's vehicles and machinery.
Other ways to solve the problem of water pollution in India
The following are some additional approaches to addressing this issue:
• Keeping waterways and beaches clean
• Reducing the use of non-biodegradable materials such as plastic
• Becoming more involved in various water pollution prevention measures
Indeed, in India, polluted water is one of the major contributors to the country's overall poor health, particularly in rural areas. Water pollution can cause diseases such as cholera, tuberculosis, dysentery, jaundice, diarrhoea, and others.
Leaked oil, even from cars and machines, is said to be a major contributor to water pollution. As a result, it is critical to inspect oil-powered vehicles and machines on a regular basis, for any potential oil leaks. It is critical to clean up waste oil after work, especially in factories and production units that use oil, and either dispose of it properly or save it for later use.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water has aided in the resolution of hundreds of water-related problems, by utilizing a wide range of specialized water treatment and wastewater treatment technologies.