Waste is one of the most pressing issues confronting the world today, and the future of solid waste management is dependent on each and every one of us. Although, government officials, leaders of nations, municipalities, and local communities are working hard, to manage the massive amount of waste produced every day, a radical shift in mindset at the individual level is required.
Considering this, we need to assess the future of solid waste disposal and management in India.
What is solid waste management?
The process of collecting and handling solid waste, as well as options for recycling non-waste products is referred to as solid waste management.
There are companies in India, like Netsol Water, that offer environmentally and socially responsible solid waste management methods, such as mitigating environmental consequences, reducing harmful emissions and greenhouse gases, and ensuring wastewhich are converted into biogas.
Businesses and industries in India can work with knowledgeable and competent solid waste management companies, to discover beneficial methods of recycling waste that will help them, keep the environment safe and healthy.
What are the Future of Solid Waste Disposal and Management?
With an increasing population, urbanization, and economic activity, solid waste disposal and management in India is a challenge.
Here are some statistics on India's solid waste management issues:
• The Central Pollution Control Board of India reports that per capita waste generation has increased, from 0.26 kg/day to 0.85 kg/day. Approximately 90% of waste is discarded without proper treatment, resulting in environmental pollution.
• Every day, approximately 143,449 MT of municipal waste is generated. However, only 35,062 tons of waste is treated each year.
• According to an MNRE report, waste generation is expected to reach 300 million tons per year by 2047.
Challenges to proper solid waste management in India
Handling, transp?ortation, and treatment of waste are the major challenges, for municipal authorities as well. Some of them are discussed below:
- Open dumps, waste burning, and a lack of landfills are serious concerns, because they cause health and environmental issues. Waste mismanagement is frequently responsible for health risks, such as respiratory diseases, Malaria, and Dengue.
- In addition, improper waste disposal mechanisms pollute the water, soil, and air.
- Another challenge in India is the lack of waste segregation and collection from congested areas, as well as insufficient staff.
- Other factors contributing to the growing waste problem include the use of a single bin for mixed waste, weekly waste collection, uncovered waste carrying vehicles, and a lack of land for waste disposal.
Indian Government and Waste Management
The Indian government has taken strong measures and implemented policy changes, to address the country's waste disposal and management issues. The Swachh Bharat initiative has been one of the most powerful nationwide campaigns, inspiring every individual to contribute to better waste collection, segregation, handling, and disposal in India.
To engage citizens in the waste management drive, several initiatives, schemes, and awards have been launched, including Swachh Survekshan and Swachhta Hi Seva. According to reports, door-to-door waste collection has risen from 53% to 80%. The capacity for waste processing has increased from 24% to 34%. The same initiative has set a goal of converting all organic solid waste into compost or biogas.
When untreated waste is released into the environment, it causes environmental issues as well as damage to infrastructure. Waste management is becoming increasingly important not only for environmental preservation, but also as a growing economic sector.
It is worth noting that approximately 40 - 50% of solid waste is organic, which can have a significant impact on waste disposal and management. Instead of ending up in landfills, food waste such as vegetable and fruit peels, leftover food, and garden waste can be composted.
Furthermore, composting is one of the best ways to manage waste at the source, reducing the burden on waste management authorities and minimizing waste problems in your immediate surroundings. You can also speed up the composting process by using Netsol's organic waste converter.
How do we assist?
Netsol Water waste management experts will manage your system and respond to your needs, as if they were our own, allowing you to focus on what you do best every day. We offer various waste treatment solutions like solid waste convertors, organic waste convertors, green waste recyclers, and many more.