What is the relationship between sustainability and environment?
India has always been a global leader, not just because of its superpower status, riches, military or industrial strength, but also because of its achievements in scientific innovation, civil rights, women's empowerment, and environmental challenges.
To minimise carbon emissions and combat climate change, the Indian government enacted environmental protection legislation. Climate change has even been labelled a national security danger by the government.
Climate change will affect the availability of basic needs like freshwater, food security, and energy for many people, and efforts to address climate change, both through adaptation and mitigation, will similarly inform and define the global development agenda. Climate change is intrinsically related to long-term development. Poor and developing countries, especially the least developed, would be disproportionately affected and ill-prepared to deal with the projected shocks to their social, economic, and ecological systems.
Agenda for sustainable development
Member states affirm their resolve to protect the planet from deterioration and take immediate action on climate change in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Climate change is also identified as "one of the greatest challenges of our time" in paragraph 14 of the Agenda, with concerns that "its detrimental repercussions weaken the ability of all countries in implementing sustainable development." Climate change consequences such as rising global temperatures, sea level rise, ocean acidification, and other effects are wreaking havoc on coastal areas and low-lying coastal countries, including many LDCs and Small Island Developing States.
“Many societies, as well as the planet's biological support systems, are in jeopardy."
While noting that the Convention on Climate Change is the principal international, intergovernmental venue for negotiating the global response to climate change, Sustainable Development Goal 13 aspires to "take urgent action to address climate change and its impacts."
SDG 13's linked aims include incorporating climate change mitigation, adaptation, effect reduction, and early warnings into national policies, as well as strengthening climate change mitigation, adaption, impact reduction, and early warnings education, awareness, and institutional capacity. SDG 13's alphabetical targets also call for the implementation of UNFCCC agreements and the promotion of structures that can help LDCs and Small Island Developing States strengthen their ability for effective climate-change planning and management.
The rationales offered for repealing these statutes are intriguing. One is that green rules in India 'kill' jobs. Second, the coal industry will be harmed as a result of these green laws. Finally, repealing these laws will result in the creation of new jobs in the oil and gas business.
Apparently, the new leadership intends to 'balance' economic expansion and industrialization. They believe that environmental regulations cannot be implemented at the expense of economic development. This is also aimed at the government delivering on one of his campaign promises: restoring coal jobs.
Critics argue that the coal sector suffered not as a result of the government's carbon limitations, but rather as a result of the mercury contamination caused by burning the fuel. Furthermore, the availability of inexpensive natural gas as a new source of power implies that reviving the coal industry and jobs will be more difficult.