Solar water purification entails using solar energy to purify water for drinking and household needs in a variety of ways. Solar energy for water treatment is becoming more popular since it is a low-tech solution that captures the sun's heat and energy to make water cleaner and healthier for human use and consumption. Solar water treatment is especially advantageous for rural areas, who lack alternative forms of water purification infrastructure and, more significantly, the electricity needed to power such buildings.
The most appealing aspect of solar water purification is that it does not require any fuel. Solar applications are superior to conventional sources of energy due to the lack of fuel, as they do not create pollution (global warming, acid rain, ozone depletion) or health risks linked with pollution.
Both clean water and clean energy are necessary for a more sustainable future. It takes a special kind of invention to be able to address two problems at once and offer clean water while using renewable energy. Across the country, a few wastewater treatment plants are taking matters into their own hands and switching to solar-powered energy.
How can solar plants help WWTP’s?
Solar powering water treatment plants benefits the environment and can help facilities save money by locking in electricity rates. It also helps facilities withstand power outages caused by natural catastrophes or other power grid breakdowns. Utilities who convert their water treatment facilities to solar power assist their town and country in meeting the world's renewable energy goals.
According to a World Bank estimate, 80 percent of infectious diseases in India are caused by water, while only 15% of India's populationhas access to potable water. Furthermore, ground water supplies have been over-exploited, resulting in huge increases in mineral pollutants.
In areas like Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh, for example, the populace is drinking water that is high in fluoride, which increases health hazards such as mass poisoning.Solar distillation is a tried-and-true method of disinfecting water, and the system may be scaled up or down to fit the needs of a single individual or a community. They have a 20-year life expectancy and don't require moving parts in most cases.
Will Solar WWTP’s be helpful?
In India, the water purification industry is witnessing significant transformations, not just in terms of technology but also in terms of cost and competitiveness. Scarcity of clean drinking water, low penetration of water purifiers, rising urbanisation, and waterborne infections are all factors driving change. The main obstacles are a lack of industry standards (for producers) and a lack of awareness among potential users.
The market has also begun to evolve for a segment of consumers who do not have access to running water or electricity, as well as items with reduced price points.Nearly 30% of rural India lacks access to safe drinking water, a reliable electrical supply, or even the financial resources to purchase the comparatively expensive water purification devices. As a result, giving them with solar water purifiers that employ solar photovoltaic systems would be a step in the right direction in terms of providing them with clean, safe, drinkable water.
Rural areas offer enormous potential, but it will take time and work to reap the benefits.Several businesses are investigating solar water filtration as a viable solution for underserved rural populations and markets. However, before embarking on such an endeavour in India, a number of issues must be examined. Aside from having these businesses grow into solid, sustainable operations, some of the more crucial criteria for most companies range from the type of business plan to community acceptance of safe water for a price.
For more information, contact Netsol water.