Soil pollution is a complicated issue that must be addressed. It is critical that we all recognize the importance of soil to our survival. It is mainly caused by the degradation of land by human activities such as mineral mining, poor waste management, and incorrect soil utilization. These processes have polluted the environment and ruined ecosystems, impacting both animals and humans. Dumped into the environment is non-biodegradable substance that cannot be broken down or destroyed. The sooner we recognize the problem, the easier it will be to remedy the problem of soil pollution. It's a complicated problem that necessitates everyone's cooperation, from individuals to the government.
How to Control Soil Pollution?
A few suggestions for minimizing soil pollution are listed below.
1. CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS SHOULD BE USED LESS
Chemical fertilizers are more damaging than beneficial. While the right quantity can help the land become more fertile, too much might potentially can poison it. Chemical fertilizers in excess could harm the soil in a variety of ways. It has the potential to alter the soil's pH values.It could also wipe off beneficial soil bacteria. Not only that, but the runoff from such soils pollutes the water supply. As a result, utilizing chemical fertilizers is a two-edged sword.
2. BY PROMOTING REFORESTATION AND AFFORESTATION.
Soil erosion, which is produced by deforestation, is one of the major sources of soil contamination. With an ever-increasing population, it is only logical that humanity requires more and more room to expand their civilization. It is frequently accomplished at the expense of soil health. Reforestation of a deforested area should be encouraged to avoid this from happening.In addition, afforestation in the arid plains should be encouraged. Plant roots link soil particles together and even catch beneficial microbes in the soil. It also guarantees that the subsurface water table is maintained.
3. PRODUCTS THAT CAN BE RECYCLED AND REUSED
These actions not only reduce waste output, but they also reduce soil pollution. Plastic now makes up a considerable component of the trash stream. The vast majority of these wastes are buried in landfills.
Plastics and other debris decay slowly in landfills, releasing harmful compounds into the soil. These poisonous chemicals are extremely damaging to soil health and are a significant source of soil contamination.By repurposing and recycling items, we can ensure that fewer wastes are thrown in landfills, resulting in less soil pollution.
4. INVOLVE THE COMMUNITY
It is critical that everyone participates in order to remedy a problem like soil pollution. Things are more likely to work out if they are involved. People could be educated about soil pollution through awareness activities. People would help even subconsciously if they are aware.
5. PROPER WASTE DISPOSAL
Efficient garbage disposal, whether for industrial or residential trash, is one of the most effective strategies to reduce land pollution. This is especially true when it comes to the disposal of poisonous and hazardous waste.
6. ENCOURAGE THE USE OF ORGANIC MANURE
One of the best sources of nutrients for the soil is natural manure. It's 100% natural and safe. It replenishes the soil's critical nutrients and improves its overall health. It doesn't produce any toxic by-products that could affect the soil or the environment.Purchase organic products, including cleansers, pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers. Organic products have the advantage of being biodegradable and environmentally friendly.