Firecrackers are burnt on every happy occasion whether it be festivals or marriages. People celebrate their happiness by bursting firecrackers, and they do look very beautiful.
But why firecrackers are in a bad light? Do they really cause pollution or are they harmful for health?
Let’s have a look!
First of all, firecrackers are made up of aluminium, borax, and other explosive substances which when burnt release energy in the form of light and give us visual delight. But while they burn, a lot of toxic smoke and particulate matters are released. Now it is not a problem in cities which have a good Air Quality Index and do not suffer from air pollution.
In Delhi, the major problem of fireworks arises during October November, when its stubble burning season in wheat cultivating states of Punjab and Haryana. It increases the pollution levels in Delhi during these two months a lot. Now imagine if every person of Delhi is bursting crackers, the overall AQI of Delhi goes beyond 999, which is very severe category of pollution. AQI cannot be measured beyond 999. This bad air gives a hard time to those suffering from breathing diseases as well as brings about breathing problems in people. That is why firecrackers are not encouraged.
Thus, the Supreme Court ruled on November 7, 2015, just 15 days before the Diwali Festival, in response to a petition on behalf of three children to ban the production and sale of fireworks to protect their health.
In 2016 and 2017, SC signed several restricted contracts with Delhi regarding the manufacture and sale of fireworks in the metropolitan area. This time the ban was extended to national regulations. The Supreme Court was determined that the right to citizens' health and the right to continue trading with fireworks makers need to be balanced. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) was instructed to check emission quality one week before and after the Diwali Festival.
These guidelines were harsh, but they weremeant for our health. People who want a total ban to protect the environment are indignant. There are already 14 Indian cities that are one of the 15 most polluted cities in the world.
What's wrong with the fireworks burst?
Fireworks are harmful to your health. The aluminium contained in crackers can cause skin diseases. They may contain barium salts that release toxic gases that interfere with our breathing. Rupture of the cracker generally causes problems such as asthma, cough, and bronchitis, which can exacerbate problems associated with lung disease and, in extreme cases, can lead to nervous system destruction and cognitive impairment. In recent years, the air in and around the NCR area during and around the festival has been enriched with pollutants that exacerbate lung diseases in young and old.
Are fireworks "environmentally friendly"?
This is a new firework that is expected to reduce toxic gas in the air to some extent. The cracker was developed by the Scientific and Industrial Research Council (CSIR) and the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NEERI) for Rs 65.
The SC ruling requires the replacement of the four main components of fireworks: aluminium, barium, potassium nitrate, and carbon. Green fireworks need to release 30-35% less fine dust (PM10 and PM2.5) and 35-40% less sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides.
Low noise, low pollution and low cost reduce manufacturing costs by 30% and also reduce pollution.