Wastes are materials that are no longer needed and are not economically recoverable, through additional processing. They are derived through human activities, such as agriculture, industry, and home activities, among others.
Domestic, industrial, commercial, clinical, construction, nuclear, and agricultural waste, are the different types of waste. Waste is classified as inert, toxic, or flammable based on its properties.
If these pollutants are not treated, they pollute the air, water, and land. As a result, the pollution caused by solid waste has serious consequences. Thus, solid waste management is critical.
Sources of Solid Waste Pollution
Municipal waste, industrial waste, and hazardous waste are the three types of solid waste.
Municipal waste is generated by human domestic activities.Industrial waste is generated by industrial activity, and hazardous wastes are pollutants that endanger plants, animals, and humans. Radioactive substances, chemicals, biological wastes, flammable wastes, and explosives, are some examples of common hazardous waste.
Factors contributing to solid waste generation
· Population growth
It is a significant factor influencing the rise of pollution.
Solid waste is an urban issue in which people practice using a range of commodities, and then abandoning them.
In rich societies, per capita consumption is relatively high, and people discard many products on a regular basis, which contributes significantly to solid waste.
It has altered the way people use things. It is clearly visible in the packaging business for the majority of economic commodities.
The technology is shifting away from returnable packaging, and towards non-returnable packaging. Returnable glass containers or bottles, for example, are being replaced with non-returnable cans, plastic containers, plastic bottles, and so on.
Packaging materials, such as those made of plastic, are mostly responsible for solid waste pollution, because they are non-biodegradable.
What are the Pollution caused by Solid Waste?
It is caused by poor solid waste management from human activities, waste collectors, and waste disposal firms. This sort of pollution causes the spread of hazardous microorganisms in the environment, as well as disagreeable scents, which result in air pollution.
The water also becomes contaminated, transmitting parasites and bacteria to humans.
· Air Pollution
The contamination of air by smoke particles and hazardous substances is known as air pollution.
· Land Pollution
This type of pollution is the degradation of the Earth's surface. It is mostly caused by improper waste disposal, and resource mis-management.
Examples of land pollution include:
- Litter on every street corner and roadside
- Spills of oil
- Illegal dumping in natural environments
- Unsustainable logging operations
· Beach Pollution
Beach pollution is caused by wastes such as, plastic bags, nets, or cigarette filters that are discarded on the beach. This waste is harmful to aquatic life and has an impact on the marine environment.
It is sometimes caused by inconsiderate beach visitors who waste and leave their waste, after a picnic or get-together.
· Plastic Pollution
Plastic pollution is caused by non-biodegradable hard and soft plastic, which remains on the earth for thousands of years. It can remain in the soil indefinitely, causing harm to the soil's health and composition.
Solid waste, whether solid, liquid, or gaseous, is damaging the environment.
Solid waste contamination is mostly generated by urbanization and industrial waste.As a result, solid waste management is critical, as it aids in the reduction of solid waste pollution, and the creation of a pollution-free and clean environment.
Composting, recycling, incineration, pyrolysis, disposal, and other procedures are used to control solid waste pollution. As a result, solid waste management lowers or controls solid waste contamination, and its dangerous consequences.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water provides solid waste converters, organic waste recyclers, green waste recyclers, and other solid waste treatment products, to avoid pollution caused by solid waste. This is a sustainable way of treating solid waste, as it doesn’t cause any pollution. But, it helps to form fertilizer which is used as a soil conditioner.