Decentralized Waste Management
It entails each town, municipality, or society handling and processing their waste on their own premises rather than transferring it to a centralized huge facility or, more commonly, a landfill. The principles underlying decentralized waste management are waste management at the source; this means that you segregate and process the waste by taking ownership of it rather than forcing it upon someone else.
To do this, we can attempt the following methods:
· Recycling Waste
The concept of recycling waste is followed by a large portion of the population in India to earn money from the items sold, but when the people of India realize that it not only helps them earn money but also saves them from a lot of pollution and after-effects of the ecological balance caused by waste.
· Decentralized Composting
Netsol Water innovative smart technology, such as organic waste recyclers, is assisting various organizations and residential areas in taking the initiative to recycle, reduce and convert organic waste at the source into organic manure. The method entails employing personnel’s to separate the waste and load it into the machine, and the end result is worth the costs since the environment is rescued from excessive untreated waste, which is harming the planet.
Because residential waste is organic, this is a simple yet effective procedure that may be carried out in the home. It takes a little amount of room. Organic home waste management entails waste segregation, waste preparation, waste degradation and waste finishing for quick degradation. It is critical to regulate the deterioration process by managing the temperature and moisture procedures.
· Small Scale Anaerobic Digestion (Bio-Gas)
It is the most ecologically benign method of recovering energy from organic waste. A biogas plant is a waste disposal technique that aids in the resolution of solid waste issues. As it delivers pollution-free efficient energy for cooking and lighting, this is a decentralized solution that is incredibly ideal for maintaining ecological balance and meeting future economic need. This is a highly successful technique in some regions of India and it should be widely pushed.
Is decentralized waste management the future of solid waste management?
Decentralized Solid Waste Management (DSWM) is a strategy for providing a clean environment and sanitary living conditions by minimizing waste at the source. It entails the handling of municipal solid waste by a number of small waste management centers located around the community. These facilities are known as Integrated Resource Recovery Centres (IRRCs), and they can be for-profit or non-profit entities that collect, transport, and treat almost 2 to 20 metric tons of waste from the surrounding area.
It encourages green growth, decreases GHG emissions and reduces organic SW transportation to waste disposal sites. To stimulate innovation and acceptance of decentralized waste recycling solutions, the Government may propose fiscal and financial incentives for the establishment and operation of 'Waste to Garden' and 'Waste to Gas' decentralized models with the participation of waste-generating communities.
In India, solid waste management, or waste management in general, is a serious issue. It is critical to have departments in place that can handle this, create solutions, and manage waste. The situation in urban illegal settlements and slums is exacerbated by the absence of a municipal waste management system. Decentralized waste management options, such as biogas plants, vermicomposting, and decentralized composting, are the first and most important steps towards a better future.