Wastewater is the term used to describe the majority of sewage and non-potable water that is released back into the environment. Wastewater volume is increasing at a startling rate in India, where both the population and the industrial landscape are developing at a dizzying rate.
This is made worse by the diminishing availability of freshwater resources like rivers, wells, and groundwater. India's insufficient wastewater management prevents it from making the best use of its resources, in a country that is highly water-stressed. Appropriate wastewater management systems must be put in place, to lower the danger of pollution.
The objective is to protect the water table and water sources while reducing pollution and environmental degradation. As a result, the general people will always have access to safe drinking water, and will benefit from improved cleanliness and hygienic conditions.
Let’s see how wastewater is managed.
What are the main reasons for the worldwide issue in water quality?
An increasing amount of wastewater is being created, and the infrastructure and management systems cannot handle this growing volume. Two million tons of sewage, industrial waste, and agricultural waste are released into the world's rivers annually, and it doesn't include illegal or unreported releases of contaminated water.
This wastewater threatens food security, access to clean drinking and bathing water, and coastal habitats. It also poses a significant health and environmental management problem.
How is wastewater managed?
The Central Pollution Control Board estimated in 2015 that India can now treat about 37% of its wastewater, or 22,963 million liters per day (MLD), compared to a daily sewage output of about 61,754 MLD.
According to projections, India's growing activities will produce significant amounts of wastewater, demanding optimal water and wastewater management to reduce competing demands on water resources. This includes methods that equally emphasize,
a) Make more water readily available, and
b) Create facilities for the recycling, recovery, recharging, and storage of wastewater.
3 R’s for wastewater management!
All available resources, including wastewater, must be used to generate water through recycling, reusing, recharging, and storing. Adopting plans and regulations that provide the development of wastewater treatment facilities, and expanding the water supply equal weight are urgently needed.
Once sewage has been adequately cleansed, it can be used in horticulture, irrigation, forestry, and pisciculture. Sludge from its conventional treatment can be applied as manure. Energy can also be recovered from sludge. Around the nation, some STPs are reclaiming and utilizing this energy.
The principles of "sustainable development," "precaution," and "polluter pays" are used to manage waste in India. These principles require that communities and businesses conduct in a way that is accountable to the environment, and restores balance whenever their activities do so. For waste management to be successful, it is essential to be able to guarantee efficient waste segregation at the source.
Finding ways to conserve, utilize, and recycle water will be increasingly important in the future, as well as improving watershed management.
Wastewater is currently being utilized for irrigation and fertilization, and it has the potential to play a bigger part in these processes, especially for home gardens and peri-urban or urban agriculture. But throughout the entire management plan, cutting back on wastewater generation and increasing water efficiency throughout the entire water chain, including before water even reaches cities, should be the main objectives.
What can we offer?
Since, wastewater composition varies, specialized wastewater management is required. Every project is different, and our experts at Netsol Water will assist you in selecting the most effective technique, for managing your wastewater.
We are a top provider of water treatment services in India, offering manufacturing services for WTP and WWTP. In an effort to save the environment, we also produce sewage treatment and effluent treatment facilities.