What is Industrial Wastewater?
Industrial wastewater is not only a by-product of oil and gas companies, mining and chemical manufacturing companies, but it is also a by-product of food and beverage processing industries, which are necessary in the production of the clothes, the shoes on your feet, the computer at your fingertips, and the car you drive.
Any organic and inorganic contaminants to water used in industrial operations must be handled in order to comply with existing rules. Organic matter, metals, and other contaminants present in wastewater must be removed before it is released to land, into bodies of water, or reused in plant operations.
Which Industries generate Industrial Wastewater?
1: Finishers of Metals
Metal finishing waste is often a slurry (sludge) comprising metals that have been dissolved in liquid. Sludge containing metal hydroxides such as ferric hydroxides, magnesium hydroxides, nickel hydroxides, zinc hydroxides, copper hydroxides, and aluminium hydroxides is generated during metal plating, metal finishing, and printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing activities.
Metal finishing effluent must be treated to meet all applicable laws since it is hazardous to the environment and people/animals.
2: Laundries for Industry
The commercial textile services business processes around 15 billion pounds of laundry each year, and the wastewater created from such uniforms, towels, floor mats contains oil and grease, lint, sand, grit, heavy metals, and VOCs, and must be cleaned before it can be discharged.
Mine tailings are a combination of water and finely powdered rock that remains after the mineral concentrate – such as gold or silver – has been extracted. Dealing with mine tailings properly is a major problem for mining firms. Tailings are both an environmental concern and a huge fiscal problem, as well as a chance to reduce transportation and disposal expenses. Tailing ponds can be totally eliminated with proper treatment techniques.
4: Steel/Iron Manufacturing
Water is used in the manufacturing of iron and steel for cooling and by-product separation. During the first conversion, it becomes polluted by compounds such as ammonia and cyanide. Benzene, naphthalene, anthracene, phenols, and cresols are among the waste streams.Water is used as a basic lubricant and coolant in the shaping of iron and steel into sheet, wire, or rods, as well as hydraulic oils, tallow, and particulate particles.
Hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid are required in the water used in galvanizing steel. Wastewaters contains acidic rinse waters as well as waste acids. Hydraulic oil, also known as soluble oil, pollutes many steel industry wastewaters.
5: Fracking for oil and gas
Shale gas drilling waste water is classified as hazardous waste. It is extremely salty, with 32,300 mg of sodium per litre. Furthermore, the water containing high quantities of sodium, magnesium, iron, barium, strontium, manganese, methanol, chloride, sulphate, and other compounds that was put into the well to ease digging.During drilling, naturally existing radioactive elements might return to the surface with the water. Water used in fracking can also include hydrocarbons, including harmful compounds generated during drilling such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene.
What is the best way to handle Industrial Wastewater?
Filter presses are an essential element of the on-site solution for treating industrial wastewater and effluent wastewater in a variety of industries, just to name a few.
There are several industrial uses for filter presses in wastewater treatment. Manufacturers can efficiently and effectively dewater their sludge in accordance with state and municipal laws by utilizing innovative industrial filter press technology.
Filter presses, as well as filter plates and filter cloth, can be tailored to specific industrial requirements, and accurate selection is critical to optimizing press operations and obtaining clean, dry filter cakes for cost-effective disposal. Manufacturing businesses may meet their wastewater objectives, such as limiting environmental effect and reusing/conserving valuable water resources, using a properly planned and manufactured filter press system.
How can Netsol Water help?
Netsol Water is a significant water and wastewater treatment firm in India, offering WTP, WWTP, STP, ETP, RO Plant manufacture, among other services. The company creates equipment’s and is committed to providing practical solutions that help businesses flourish. We are committed to providing our valued customers with hands-on service, expert counselling, and training. We can customize various water and wastewater treatment systems as per client’s needs.