WHAT IS KIDNEY DIALYSIS?
Dialysis is a medical procedure that removes excess water, solutes, and toxins from the blood in patients whose kidneys can no longer perform these functions naturally. This is known as renal replacement therapy.
DIALYSIS IS CLASSIFIED INTO TWO TYPES
HAEMODIALYSIS: A tube is attached to a needle in your arm during the procedure. Blood flows through the tube and into an external machine, where it is filtered before being returned to the arm via another tube.
PERITONEAL DIALYSIS: Instead of a machine, peritoneal dialysis uses the inside lining of your abdomen as a filter. The peritoneum, like the kidneys, contains thousands of tiny blood vessels, making it a useful filtering device.
WHY DOES THE WATER USED IN KIDNEY DIALYSIS SHOULD BE PURE?
Inside the dialyzer, the thin, hair-like threads are hollow. These fibers have semi permeable walls that act as filters. During dialysis, blood flows inside the hollow fibers while the outside is bathed in dialysate. Dialysate is a cleansing solution made of water and chemicals that draws wastes and extra fluid through the fibers and out of the blood. Because the fibers are semi permeable, impurities from the water in the dialysate can enter the blood if the water used to make the dialysate is not completely pure. Many of these impurities have the potential to cause significant harm.
If less than ultra-pure water was used during the dialysis treatment, the following things may occur:
- 1. Nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, severe headaches, skin flushing, and low or high blood pressure can all result from consuming too much calcium or magnesium.
- 2. If the chemicals used to kill bacteria enter the bloodstream, they will destroy red blood cells.
- 3. Infections and fever can be caused by bacteria and endotoxin.
- 4. Fluoride poisoning can cause abnormal bone hardening, nausea and vomiting, muscle twitching, low blood pressure, and seizures.
- 5. Metals can cause a variety of symptoms, including liver damage, pancreatic inflammation, red blood cell destruction, seizures, brain damage, and even death.
- 6. Pesticides and fertilizers can cause headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and damage to the heart and liver.
REVERSE OSMOSIS IN KIDNEY DIALYSIS
The process of driving a solvent through a membrane from a region of high solute concentration to a region of low salt concentration by producing a pressure greater than the osmotic pressure is known as reverse osmosis.
There are two types of water produced by the RO machine: product water and reject water. The ultrapure water that enters the hemodialysis machine and is used to mix the dialysate for your dialysis treatment is referred to as product water. The reject water contains the bacteria that was removed from the water and is discarded after being flushed down the drain. When using a home hemodialysis machine with a portable RO, certain conditions must be met. The RO must be connected to a water supply capable of delivering at least two gallons per minute. Similarly, the drain that receives used dialysate from your dialysis machine and reject water from the RO must have a capacity of at least two gallons per minute.
Kidney dialysis requires a large amount of water to prepare the dialysis solution. The 'dialysate' is in close proximity to the patient's blood, separated only by a thin membrane. Water purity is critical in dialysis because contamination with halides, aluminum, and other contaminants can cause morbidity and mortality.
NETSOL WATER provides advanced technology-based special RO plants used for kidney dialysis. Our plants aid in the removal of 97-99% of total mixed solids, as well as bacteria, organics, and other particulates.