Water contamination occurs when contaminants including germs, parasites, chemicals, and waste like plastic contaminate the water. Groundwater pollution, surface water pollution, suspended matter, oil spills, microbiological pollution, chemical water pollution, thermal pollution, are the main types of water pollution. All of them have the potential to introduce toxins and pollutants into our waterways.
What are the Contaminants in tap water and related illnesses?
The most frequent pollutants in drinking water are bacteria, nitrate, and arsenic. Drinking water contaminants include bacteria, viruses and protozoa (including Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium) which can quickly lead to widespread and deadly infections.
These bacteria are generally derived from human or animal wastes that enter lakes, rivers, or shallow groundwater aquifers, by irrigation or rainwater.
Water-borne illnesses brought on by contaminated water
Hepatitis A: It is a very contagious illness that mostly impacts the liver. Drinking water contaminated with the hepatitis A virus (HAV) or coming into close contact with an infected person, are two ways to catch the illness.
You can contract the sickness by washing with contaminated water and eating food that has been prepared with it. People are more likely to contract the virus if they dwell in locations, with poor sanitation and hygiene management.
Cholera: The small intestine is the main organ of cholera infection. The Vibrio Chloerae bacterium is the culprit behind this illness.
Consuming water that has traces of excrement in it can spread the virus. The residential water supply may be impacted when untreated water passes through sewage in waterways.
Diarrhoea: One of the most typical illnesses brought on by contaminated water is diarrhoea. By consuming water infected with microorganisms from animal or human waste, it causes food poisoning or intestinal infections. The majority of the time, waterborne bacteria, viruses, and protozoans are to blame for its occurrence.
Cancer: When consuming water from such sources, one runs a higher risk of developing cancer due to the presence of toxins like MTBE and chlorinated solvents. The compounds can harm DNA and result in cancerous tumours because they are carcinogenic.
Poisoning by lead: The release of harmful chemicals into water systems or the use of old solders and pipes, can both cause lead to end up in drinking water. One of the potentially fatal diseases brought on by water pollution is lead poisoning, which can occur in humans after ingestion of the metal. Children are more susceptible to this illness because of how well their bodies can handle high doses of the metal.
Damage to the liver, kidneys, and nervous system: In some situations, drinking water that has chemical contaminants in it might damage the liver and the kidneys. Two of the primary offenders are chemical pollutants like MTBE and chlorinated solvents.
These contaminants have been linked to kidney stones, liver failure, liver inflammation, and liver and kidney failure. Additionally, they may make other illnesses worse that call for the maintenance of these organs.
Trachoma (Eye Infection): It is an eye illness brought on by pathogenic hygiene due to the insufficient supply of clean water. Women and children are more at risk. In addition, the illness has caused blindness in around six million people globally.
Polio (Infantile Paralysis): The polio virus is responsible for the highly fatal viral infection known as polio. Water that has been tainted by an infected person's feces is where the virus is transmitted.
Extreme weakness is brought on by the virus's targeting and destruction of the neurological system, once it has entered the bloodstream. It typically results in paralysis. The risk of contracting the virus is higher among people who have not had the polio vaccine.
How to make your tap water free of impurities?
As you can see from the list above, drinking contaminated water puts you at risk for a wide range of ailments. Also, note that microorganisms found in drinking water are the primary cause of the majority of the ailments listed.
One of the greatest ways to prevent these illnesses and ensure your health and welfare, in addition to properly disposing of sewage and exercising excellent hygiene, is to only consume and use clean and purified water.
How can we assist?
For better solutions for water and wastewater treatment, turn to Netsol Water! We provide a wide variety of items, many of which can be altered to suit the demands of our clients. We can provide solutions that are both inexpensive and trouble-free.
We have years of experience in the global deployment of RO Plants, and wastewater treatment plants along with biological, physical and chemical processes. Get in touch with us to discuss removal procedure of contaminants from tap water, designed to meet the unique wastewater stream and legal requirements.