Water is the precious resource on the planet. However, it is not immune to certain impurities that can have a negative impact on clean consumption. Dust, fine sand, clay, dirt, and biological contaminants are examples of impurities present in water.
Pure water has no taste, color, or odour, but water from rainfall, streams, and wells is known to contain harsh chemicals and elements, such as acid and metallic rust elements. Similarly, many drinking water systems contain chlorine as well as high calcium levels. With this in mind, let's take a look at some of the most common impurities in water, and discover why they are harmful to human and animal consumption.
What are water impurities?
In India, dirty or unsafe water contains elements known as Total Suspended Solids (TSS), which are not intended to dissolve. Small rocks, dust, sand, and clay are examples of solids. They float in the water and cause it to become muddy or cloudy.
If consumed, suspended impurities in water can cause a variety of medical ailments and illnesses.
• Malaria which is most commonly caused by mosquitoes and germs, in contaminated water
Every year, 3.4 million people die as a result of waterborne diseases caused by contaminated water. The problem is so serious that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has a separate division dealing with contaminated water. They also collaborate with the World Health Organization (WHO) to provide developing countries, with clean water and treatment options.
What are the Common impurities and their effect on water?
There are various types of impurities in drinking water treatment systems and reserves.
· Biological impurities
The presence of living organisms in water causes biological impurities. Algae, protozoa, pathogens, bacteria, viruses, microbes, and parasites, as well as their cysts (eggs), can be found in contaminated water. The latter are simply known as germs, which are microorganisms that can reproduce at an alarming rate. Contaminated water is also a major cause of gastroenteritis in people of all ages, throughout India.
· Colloidal impurities
Organic waste products and amino acids are examples of colloidal impurities in water. Contact with suspended matter and elements such as sand, rocks, and organic matter flowing in rivers, streams, and lakes causes water to become undrinkable or non-pure.
· Sources of chemical impurities in water
1:Gases absorbed from the atmosphere by rain and torrential downpours,
2:Dead animals and plants discovered near streams, rivers, and lakes,
3: Sewage and wastewater from industry,
4: River water contains high levels of calcium, iron, magnesium, sodium, and chlorides,
5: Organic compounds derived from agricultural and household industrial waste. These are anthropogenic contaminants found in both natural and drinking water,
6: Inorganic compounds emitted by medical waste and equipment systems.
Treatment solutions for impure water
With so many impurities in natural and drinking water, having the proper municipal water treatment system in place, is one of the best solutions for communities. Water treatment systems aid in the removal of aluminium, chlorides, and other contaminants from drinking water systems.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water is a trustworthy water treatment company with more than 10 years of experience, in groundwater treatment, wastewater treatment, and surface water treatment for municipalities and industrial plants.
Netsol has the equipment’s and knowledge to purify all types of water. We are dedicated to providing fresh, clean, and germ-free water to all communities and businesses, from pathogen removal to corrosion control.